Assets given to women must not be taken back after divorce
Our Almighty Lord has revealed in verses that in the event of divorce the man must not take back anything he gave his wife while they were married:
If you desire to exchange one wife for another and have given your original wife a large amount, do not take any of it. Would you take it by means of slander and outright crime? How could you take it when you have been intimate with one another and they have made a binding contract with you?” (Qur'an, 4:20-21)
... It is not lawful for you to keep anything you have given them... (Qur'an, 2:229)
God reminds men in these verses that by marrying women they have promised to take care of them; He reveals that because of that promise they have no right to demand anything back, even if they have given women “a large amount.” A Muslim who abides by the Qur’an will know that this is a promise made to God, and will therefore discharge his responsibility in the finest way. In the verse “It is not lawful for you to keep anything you have given them,” God clearly prohibits any other course of behavior.
Ensuring women have a place to live after divorce
In order that a woman should not find herself in difficulties after divorce, and to ensure that she is protected, Almighty God advises the man to keep her close to him. It is revealed that this should make it possible for him to keep watch over her in times of danger. After divorce, the believer has the important responsibility of providing for her until she can find a place to stay of her own and ensuring that no harm comes to her:
Let them [the women you have divorced] live where you live, according to your means. Do not put pressure on them, so as to harass them. If they are pregnant, maintain them until they give birth. If they are suckling for you, give them their wages and consult together with correctness and courtesy. But if you make things difficult for one another, another woman should do the suckling for you. (Qur'an, 65:6)
Due to the importance of the subject it needs to be repeated here: Those protective measures cited herein of course do not mean that a woman is unable to look after herself; this is nonsense put forward by some prejudiced people in order to attack Islam. The verses are referring to superior moral values. What is under discussion here is kindly moral values and attaching superiority and value to women. Looking after a woman means making her feel that she is very respected and valued. God shows the value and protection He places on women in practical terms. It is also forbidden in the verse to “... put pressure on them so as to harass them.” As stated in the verse, “...consult together with correctness and courtesy,” God advises good relations being maintained between people who have divorced. Considering the difficult position in which women find themselves today in society in general, or in social life, the need for and importance of these measures recommended in the Qur’an become much clearer.
Women not being inherited by force
One of the commandments about the protection of women in the Qur’an regards their not being inherited by force. God reveals that:
You who believe! It is not lawful for you to inherit women by force. Nor may you treat them harshly so that you can make off with part of what you have given them, unless they commit an act of flagrant indecency. Live together with them correctly and courteously. … (Qur'an, 4:19)
In this verse, God forbids any pressure being put on women, and any measure that might create difficulties for them in material terms.
The value placed on mothers
Motherhood is praised in the Qur’an. Respect for parents, treating them well and protecting and watching over them in their old age, as at all times, are particular responsibilities imposed on true believers in the Qur’an, and there are a number of verses on the subject. Some of these read:
We have instructed man to honor his parents, ... (Qur’an, 29:8)
Your Lord has decreed that you should worship none but Him, and that you should show kindness to your parents. Whether one or both of them reach old age with you, do not say “Ugh!” to them out of irritation and do not be harsh with them but speak to them with gentleness and generosity. (Qur'an, 17:23)
In the Qur’an God advises Muslims to treat their parents with respect and kindness; yet mothers are especially valued. God reveals in another verse that:
We have instructed man concerning his parents. Bearing him caused his mother great debility and the period of his weaning was two years: “Give thanks to Me and to your parents. I am your final destination.” (Qur'an, 31:14)
Indeed, every mother engages in several months of self-sacrifice to bring her child into the world. As God reveals in the verse, she carries the baby inside with great difficulties and then gives birth to that child with great discomfort. Then, with great altruism, she assumes the task of ensuring that her child is protected and comfortable in all respects. Moreover, they expect no reward for doing all this, and she even pushes her own needs into the background. God is reminding us of these facts and telling us that mothers are very valuable entities indeed.